From the Dean
Professor Nicholas Glasgow, Dean, ANU Medical SchoolIt is with great pleasure that I introduce this first edition of the Medical Student Journal of Australia. Communicating the results of medical and health research information clearly, accurately and with appropriate discussion of any limitations or potential bias are very important skills.
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I am pleased to present the first edition of the Medical Student Journal of Australia. The current editorial team took over this project in July this year from a group of Year 4 ANU Medical students who laid the structural foundations for the journal. They started work on the philosophy, journal content, editorial team descriptions and web page design. From these guidelines, we made the appropriate additions and changes. On taking over the project, we decided to take on the challenge of publishing the first edition. Now after many months of editorial meetings, never ending emails and long nights, we are ready to launch the MSJA.
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On the way to a men's health pit stop, where medical students play an important role assisting local health professionals in providing health promotion and screening activities to rural communities.
This is central NSW, big sky country and gateway to the outback. (Samuel Gubicak)
Elective Experiences
Elective in Cambodia
Karolina Juszczyk
I spent my elective in Phnom Penh, Cambodia at the Children's Surgical Centre (CSC), a non-government organization headed by an orthopaedic surgeon from Northern England, who incidentally, was also my supervisor during my time in Cambodia. The CSC specializes in an array of elective surgeries for both adults and children. Orthopaedic, plastic and reconstructive, maxillofacial and eye surgeries are some of the surgeries offered at no cost to the patient

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Elective in Hungary - Rózsakert Medical Center, Budapest
Marissa Stilianos
I chose to do my elective in Hungary as it is a part of my heritage but was also curious as to how such a country has utilised the recent opportunity to redevelop society, including the health system, which had always impressed me as being holistic and heavily focused on well-being.

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Student Life
Feedback in the pre-clinical years at ANU Medical School
Michael McGee
As many academics will tell you, most learning at university is driven by assessment. I recently attended the 2009 Australia New Zealand Associated Medical Education (ANZAME) conference and this fact was again testified to. This raises a question: if learning is assessment driven, and we are here to learn, then why aren't we examined more?

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Intravenous Cannulation
Shehan Wickramasinghe
The insertion of an intravenous cannula (IVC) is an essential skill that both medical students and clinicians use almost on a daily basis. In fact, it is one of the skills that the medical student is expected to do.

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Global and Indigenous Health
Millennium Development Goals
Natasha Krishnadas
Nine years ago, world leaders of 189 countries made a significant commitment towards combating the gross inequalities between the developed and developing world. Committing to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, improving literacy rates, health care and environmental sustainability through a global partnership, these nations adopted the Millennium Development Goals.

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Bridging the Gap - Medical student experiences in the Kimberly
Madelaine Hanson and Rachel Bourke
We are two medical students who have undertaken medical elective placements in the Kimberley area of Western Australia, both in the Broome Hospital and in regional Aboriginal Medical Services.

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Careers
How did I get here? By Professor David Ellwood
Professor David Ellwood
I think I always knew I was going to be a doctor, and my interest in reproduction from a young age meant that Obstetrics & Gynaecology was the likely area I would end up.


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Research Papers
Epidemiology and prevention of dementia: the need for more action
Victoria Mansell
Dementia and cognitive decline in ageing is a public health issue that will continue to increase in importance as Australia's population ages. It is expected that the prevalence of dementia in Australia will more than treble by 2050.

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Hurdles to equity in healthcare in Afghanistan: An analysis of the public health response to the maternal mortality crisis
Emma Wawn
Afghanistan has one of the highest maternal death rates in the world. The reasons for this are complex and include complications during pregnancy, birth or postnatal period. The chronic conflict and political unrest coupled with unforgiving geography, climate and lack of infrastructure makes attempts at delivering basic healthcare services to all citizens an immense challenge.

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Review of Patient Clinical Outcomes post Primary and Secondary Gastroschisis closures at St Georges Hospital, Tooting Bec, London 2007-2008
Kate Barrett and Eric Nicholls
Gastroschisis is a congenital full thickness abdominal wall defect with herniated intestinal contents and occasionally spleen, liver and genitourinary tract with no overlying membrane and is classically found to the right of the umbilicus.

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Antibiotic Prescribing for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in ACT and South-East NSW
Doukas et al
Recent campaigns have promoted not prescribing antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections. The aims of this study were to describe any changes in prescribing rates and identify any patient or general practitioner characteristics, which may be associated with prescribing.

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News and Topics of Interest
Fetal abnormalities and the abortion debate: a personal view
Jeff Flaherty
The Hippocratic Oath states "I will not give a woman a pessary to produce abortion", a famous phrase that has been used in the abortion debate for thousands of years. As medicine and times have changed the ethical and legal arguments surrounding abortion have become more and more complex.

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Buying influence: pharmaceutical industry influence on medical students
Andrew Nguyen
The pharmaceutical industry today is a major healthcare contributor via its role in researching and developing essential medicines. However, it is the promotional activity of pharmaceutical companies, and its associated influence, which creates a secondary, larger industry impact.

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HPV vaccine: awareness and acceptance by both males and females
Karolina Juszczyk
The introduction of the human papilloma virus vaccine has been a turning point in women's health. While they carry many hopes for the future, they have also changed the way we think of cervical cancer, HPV and its relevance not only for women's health, but possibly for men's health also.


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A Catch-22 for Medical Students
Alexander Matthews
Does the attendance of medical students at pharmaceutical company sponsored events have an influence on their future prescribing habits? Should this concern medical practitioners, patients, and students?

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Fiji Village Project
Moniza Kumar
The Fiji Village Project (FVP) is an international humanitarian project executed by medical students from Australia, Fiji and New Zealand. It aims to promote the health of the South Pacific region and bring together medical students from the region to work towards a common goal.

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A Tale of Three Red Parties
Kathleen Thomas
The Australian National University (ANU) Red Party is part of an international project initially started by medical students in Europe, which was designed to raise funds and awareness for HIV organizations around the world. The idea arrived in Western Australia about 3 years ago and in 2008, every medical school across Australia was challenged to host their own Red Party.

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